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Design and implementation of dairy cattle disease monitoring system based on RFID Technology

RFID technology is a non-contact automatic identification technology, the technology uses induction, radio waves or microwave for non-contact two-way communication, to achieve identification and data exchange purposes of automatic identification technology.
RFID system‘s working principle: the reader sends out the certain frequency radio frequency signal through the antenna: when the RFID label enters the reader’s working field, its antenna produces the induction current, thus the RFID label is activated and sends out its own code and other information to the reader: the reader receives the carrier signal from the label, demodulates and decodes the received signal and sends it to the computer host for processing: the computer system judges the legality of the label according to the logic operation. The computer system judges the legitimacy of the tag according to the logic operation, makes corresponding processing and control for different settings, and issues command signals: the data demodulation part of the RFID tag demodulates data from the received RF pulse and sends it to the control logic, which receives the command to complete storage, send data or other operations.
The current definition of RFID products operating frequency has a low frequency, high frequency and VHF frequency range of different products that meet different standards, and different frequency bands of RFID products will have different characteristics. Among them, the sensor has passive and active two ways, RFID in the field of animal identification application technology is more mature, in the field using passive sensor low frequency band, the operating frequency from 120KHz to 134KHz.

The use of RFID technology applied to dairy cattle ear tags, the use of network technology and application systems to achieve the monitoring and management of dairy cattle disease, effectively improve the management level and efficiency of dairy production RFID characteristics make its application to livestock product safety management has good characteristics, through its corresponding background information system, to achieve effective management of agricultural safety. The application in this project can be tracked to each cow in the specific dairy farm. The safety of dairy products can be effectively monitored.

20220215055020 27514 - Design and implementation of dairy cattle disease monitoring system based on RFID Technology

1. Significance of the design of the dairy cattle disease monitoring system based on RFID technology

RFID is used to ensure the safety of dairy products and make the products traceable.
In recent years, due to the frequent occurrence of food safety crises, which seriously affect people’s health, has caused widespread concern around the world, the European Union, the United States and other developed countries and regions require that the food exported to the local food must be able to track and trace, in this project used RFID (electronic tag) technology, the implementation of the “source “RFID system can provide a reliable link between food and source in the food chain, ensuring that the source history of food arriving at supermarket shelves and restaurant kitchens is clear and can be traced to specific dairy farms, and can answer users’ questions about “where the food comes from, whether the intermediate processing links are It provides detailed and reliable answers to questions such as “Where did the food come from, and is the intermediate processing done properly? It can effectively monitor and solve food safety problems.
The use of RFID enables the monitoring of the entire process of dairy disease supervision. This in itself requires a detailed understanding of the overall condition of the dairy herd, the feeding, production and reproduction of cows, and especially the prevention and control of disease, which plays an important role in ensuring the safety and health of dairy products, the healthy and sustainable development of dairy production, and the protection of people’s health and life and property. The use of RFID provides the decision-making department with favorable information to prepare for disease prevention and control measures and realize the scale, intensive and modernized management methods of dairy farming. With the continuous development of dairy farming, improving individual milk production, the overall economic efficiency of the feeding herd, the level of production management and the level of control of major diseases has been an important measure to enhance the development of dairy production, from the current production status and the requirements of dairy production and disease control management, the introduction of computer management of dairy production has become an inevitable trend and development direction.

2. Information collection of dairy cattle disease control system based on RFID technology

2.1 Principle of RFID

In the dairy disease supervision system RFID tag using dairy electronic code ECC (Electronic Cow Code) standard system, the system includes ECC, Tag, Reader, middleware, ONS, PML and other elements. ECC code is the dairy disease supervision process to the cow hit the only identification, records the administrative area code belonging to the dairy farm, cattle code The reader (Reader) is used to collect tag data, the farm manager reads the RFID ear tag of the cow through the fixed RFID reader, and the reader transmits the collected tag data to the middleware, which is responsible for managing and transmitting the data related to the electronic code of the cow: the object naming system ONs (Object -Name System) is an automatic network service system, similar to domain name resolution service (DNS), providing a global scope of information sharing mechanism, so that the middleware software through ONS to achieve ECC and dairy cattle disease supervision of various aspects of information collection: thus achieving network management and monitoring. The language specification of communication adopts Physical Markup Language (PML)

2.2 RFlD technology application and implementation

The breeding manager reads the RFID ear tag of any cow through the fixed RFID reader, and the computer identifies the number of the cow: farm number (farm name), cow number, and acquires the details of the cow in the computer system database including: father number, mother number, grandfather, mother number, maternal grandfather, mother, place of origin, type of origin, breed, coat color, birth date, newborn weight, belonging to the barn, cow status, transfer date (transfer date must be greater than the birth date), alias, etc. The cow implements RFID electronic information card system management, all of which realizes network management and monitoring.

2.3 New type of data collection method

Using the new Socket CF Reader reader, combined with the existing Pocket PC PDA, the development of a new data collection method features.
(1) Dual function
Unique dual-function CFRFID scanning reader 6M/6P for Windows Mo-bile device with CF slot to add HFRFID read/write and barcode scanning function.
(2) Hand operation
After inserting the CFRFID reader into the PDA, it can be operated with one hand.
(3)Low power consumption design
Socket designed the portable CFRFID reader with the lowest energy consumption, which is important when the reader is used in a battery-powered PDA. Work for several hours without having to replace the battery or charge the battery for the Pocket PC.

3. Design of the dairy disease monitoring system based on RFID technology

The whole system operates with the unique identification of the cow number recorded in the RFID to get all the data of the cow growing process.
The system will adopt a four-layer architecture: physical layer, data layer, application layer, and presentation layer. The physical layer mainly establishes the physical interface between RFID and data layer, and realizes RFID code collection. The data layer mainly contains the basic data center, data aggregation and processing components, the collected codes will be added to the details of the cow growth process through the dairy disease network supervision function in the database, and then the data exchange components of the application platform will re-enter the basic data center after aggregation, screening and other processing of the data. The resources in the database are provided by the farms and production cooperatives. In the application layer, the information resources of the dairy cattle disease network supervision system, through the epidemic disease supervision link to the epidemic disease analysis, epidemic preplanning finishing, the police release link, and finally in the data presentation layer according to the choice of release channels will be released regulatory information. The release methods include WEB information website, PDA handheld computer, TV, telephone, etc.

4. Application of dairy cattle disease supervision system

4.1 Herd management function

The fork of dairy herd management function includes two main functional modules.
(1) Cattle management module records basic information of cows to realize standardized management of cows, the main indicators include: farm number (farm name), cow number, father number, mother number, grandfather and mother number, maternal grandfather and mother number, place of origin (or place of birth), type of origin (divided into local birth and foreign introduction), breed, coat color, birth date, newborn weight, belonging to the barn, cow status, transfer date ( Transfer date must be greater than the date of birth), alias, remarks: cow lactation information: calf weaning weight, lactation period, days of lactation, etc.: information on foreign movements (limited to incoming and outgoing information): including the current state of the cow quarantine and control of disease, incoming and outgoing and other related breeding information, disease records, etc..
The system has the function of modifying and deleting the basic information of cows, and the browsing system implements “photo management” for existing cows to display photos of cows, and can add, modify and delete photos of existing cows, and simply search for cow information: the search result shows the farm number, cow number, place of origin, type of origin, breed, coat color, cow status, disease prevention status, etc.
Information, queries sire and dam genealogy, generates breeders’ genealogy reproduction map and other functions.

4.2 Dairy Farm Management Functions

Management of basic information of each dairy farm, including the system provides management of all aspects of the dairy farm, including personnel management, dairy farmer management, milk hall management, equipment management, and inventory management of feed, veterinary drugs, frozen semen, etc.: the main operations are: dairy farm basic information entry, modification, deletion, and query.

4.3 Epidemic and epidemic prevention management mainly includes the following functions

  • (1) Vaccine management function: manage the quantity, purchase time, production date or batch number of vaccines: the main operations are: vaccine information entry, modification, deletion, query, and query of vaccination in each dairy farm.
  • (2) Vaccination management function: associated with cattle management, storing information of vaccination for each cow or herd of cattle.
  • (3) Epidemic information management: monitoring of routine diseases in dairy farms (such as monitoring of the incidence of foot-and-mouth disease, bluetongue, anthrax, bovine leukemia, tuberculosis, brucellosis, etc.), names and characteristics of epidemic diseases, etc.: the main operations are: entry, modification, deletion and query of epidemic disease information.
  • (4) Emergency plan management: to propose emergency plans or solutions for the occurrence of epidemic and epidemic diseases: the main operations are: entry, modification, deletion and query of emergency plan information.

4.4 Milk production management

Mainly record daily or monthly production, and can generate production report, and can provide analysis table of milk production of cows or herds.

4.5 System Management

It mainly carries out data backup and recovery functions, and also user management functions (such as user authority management: livestock management department users, who can query the epidemic monitoring information and vaccination situation of dairy farms: system management users with data backup, user authority management, system upgrade authority, etc.).

4.6 Alarm report

When there is an epidemic situation, multiple reporting forms can be used in a timely and effective manner.


This project based on RFID electronic tags at any time, anywhere to access the changing central database, has a strong practicality, will further enhance the livestock products quality and safety supervision capacity, to protect the safety of agricultural products consumption, promote the healthy development of agricultural and rural economy, to protect the health and safety of the people: powerfully promote the construction of a new socialist countryside, promote the coordinated development of urban and rural areas: powerfully promote the modern animal husbandry Development, improve the market competitiveness of animal husbandry; powerfully promote the transformation of the functions of the animal husbandry sector and strengthen the public management capacity, which is of great significance to ensure the quality and safety of agricultural products from the source, maintain public health and promote the development of agriculture and rural economy. Moreover, with the continuous development of dairy farming industry, improving the individual milk production of cows, improving the overall economic efficiency of the feeding herd, production management level and the control level of major epidemics have been important measures to enhance the development of dairy production. From the current production status and the requirements of dairy production and epidemic control management, the introduction of computer management for dairy production has become an inevitable trend and development direction. Because RFID animal identification application technology implementation and involves the corresponding management, monitoring workflow pattern change, in the short term RFID in animal identification field will not appear all-round scale application.

SourceChina Dairy Cattle Management Solutions – Actility Technologies Company Limited (www.tractility.com)

Actility provides powerful security solutions for retail store management to prevent asset and property losses, improve transaction security, and provide intelligent analysis. We produce AM/EM/RFID systems, EAS tags, EAS soft tags, EAS safer, lanyards, detachers and all kinds EAS accessories products. Infrared people counter and camera people counter is available. If you want to have more information about the article or you want to share your opinion with us, contact us at [email protected]

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